Near the historical castle of Byblos town, and in the middle of a garden covered with green grass, stands the Ottoman mosque of the town, in the place where the first Muslims built “el-Fateh Mosque” during the reign of the orthodox caliphs. It was built by the Ottoman sultan “Abdul Majid” in 1057AH/1648AC. The date is graved inside the mosque. Later on, it was renewed by the Emir “Yussuf el-Shehab” in 1197AH/1783AC.
A new section was added to the western side in which stands the door of the hexagonal minaret. This section is three steps higher than the main hall in the middle of which there is a dome. Under the dome stands a stone minbar of six steps. One can have access to the mosque by a flight of stairs overlooking the castle of Byblos and its old Suqs, in the quietness of the nature and the gentle breeze of the near sea.
Maqam el-Sayed el-Emir Abdullah el-Tanoukhi - Aabey
The Maqam of this savant holy man is located in Aabey town in the province of Aley, on a hill overlooking the Mount and the Coast of Beirut. It contains the mausoleum of the Emir el-Sayed Abdullah el-Tanoukhi and the tomb of his son the Emir Saif ed-Din Abdul Khaleq who died the night of his wedding.
The Emir el-Sayed is one of the greatest holy men of the Druze Islamic sect known for his knowledge, faith, asceticism and religiousness. Because of his perception and his religiousness, he could establish the rules of the religious, moral, and social behavior that distinguish the devout Druzes till today. He composed a lot of literary, religious, legal and linguistic books. He incited the education of children whether boys or girls, as well as he prompted the treatment of good women on an equal level with men. He ordered the building of temples, the renewing of mosques and the performance of collective prayers in the towns. He died in 884AH/1479AC in his town Aabey.
Khalwa or Madrassa Ain el-Shawi - Aabey
It is located in Aabey town near el-Qoliyah el-Dawoudiyah, overlooking Beirut city and its coast. It was built in the beginning of the eighteenth century by el-Sheikh Ahmed Amine ed-Din who endowed the incomes of his properties for the sake of this Khalwa. The Khalwa of Ain el-Shawi is considered to be the second madrasah after madrasah el-Sayed Abdullah el-Tanoukhi considering the number of worshipers and faithfuls visiting it.
El-Maqam el-Sharif - Sharoun
It is located in Sharoun town, in Shamlikh district, in the region of the high mountain joined to Aley Province, overlooking a magnificent valley. It is attributed to the Imam Bahaa ed-Din el-Ta’i el-Samouqi known by “el-Moqtanah”, who was famous for his perception, asceticism and religiousness. He was one of the most important persons who established the Druze sect in the Fatimid age since AH408. One of Shamlikh Khalwas became a Mazar to get the blessings and make vows. It was named el-Maqam “el-Sharif” or Maqam Shamlikh. It is one of the most important worship places for the Druzes where they hold their ritual ceremonies.
It is located on top of a hill over Aramoun town in Aley Province, overlooking the sea and Beirut city. It was built by el-Sheikh Jamal ed-Din Ben Ismael el-Mehtar known for his asceticism and religiousness in the beginning of the second century of the Hegira.
This Khalwa was restored many times and a big dome was added. Its remains witness how strong its construction was. It is one of the first, biggest and most important Khalwa.
Khalwat El-Zanbaqiyah (Kafarnabrakh)
They are located to the east of Kafarnabrakh town in el-Shouf, in the middle of an oak trees forest and overlooking the valley of the beautiful river of el-Safa and Sannine Mountain. They are composed of many old buildings, some of which are already effaced, and the rest include a prayer hall as well as the mausoleum of their most important faithful sheikh Ahmed el-Dweik.
Located on a hill between Deir el-Qamar town and Kfarhim town, they are famous for their unique location overlooking the mountain and the sea at the same time. In the nineteenth century, they witnessed meetings held on national occasions between the Druzes and the Christians. An earthquake destroyed them in 1956, but they were rebuilt. A big number of faithfuls visit them every Friday night to pray and praise God.
It is an old Khalwa that dates from the fifteenth century. Located on a hill overlooking Baadaran town in el-Shouf, it is surrounded by forest of oak trees and arbutus, and some olive gardens. It is very simple, built according to the oriental Islamic style. Faithfuls use it as a place for worshiping, studying religion and praising God.
Maqam el-Nabi Ayyub
It is located on one of the summits of Niha’s Mountain that is about 1400 meters above the sea level. The Holy Koran mentioned Ayyub in the Anbiya’ Sura (chapter of the prophets in the Holy). He is the symbol of patience and perseverance in obedience to God. God cured him after seven years of disease.
This Maqam of his is large and well known, overlooking the town of Niha and the neighboring villages of el-Shouf. It was rebuilt many times, and buildings, halls and rooms were added in order to seat thousands of visitors and believers who come asking for blessings. Once a year, in the courtyard of its mosque, the Druzes sheikhs gather in order to pray and praise God. The State is officially represented in this gathering.
Deir el-Qamar Mosque
It is located in the square of Deir el-Qamar near the town’s historical buildings, especially the castles of the Ma’niyyin and the Shehabiyyin Emirs, of the AC seventeenth century. It is a perfect model of Mount Lebanon mosques that were built in the reign of the Emir Fakhr ed-Din el-Ma’ni the Second. It is 750 meters above the sea level.