Religious Tourism
Al-Omari Great Mosque - Downtown Beirut

It is the largest mosque in Beirut. She took the name Al-Omari in honor of the Caliph Omar Ibn Al-Khattab. She was also known by the Futuh al-Islam Mosque (the conquests of Islam) or the Prophet's Mosque Yahia. Under the reign of the Crusaders, it was transformed into a church before it was converted into a mosque by Saladin in 1187 (583 AH). The Crusaders resumed again and turn it into Cathedral 1197-1291 (593-690 AH), before it was finally conquered and converted into a mosque in 764 AH. by Emir Sunjur under the reign of Sultan Ashraf Khalil Muhammad son of Qalawun.


 

As-Saraya Mosque - Downtown Beirut

Also known as the Mosque of Emir Mansour Assaf, whose emirate extended from Nahr al-Kalb to Hama (1552-1580) - or As-Saraya Mosque, due to its proximity to the inner circle of the Emir Assaf. As its name Mosque Dar Al-Wilaya (Governor's Palace), it is because of its proximity to the palace built by the Emir Fakherdine II, Governor of Beirut and Mount Lebanon to serve as a seat of government. Yet some references are more reasonable to attribute it to the Emir Turkmen Muhammad son of the Emir Mansour Assaf.

This mosque is located in central Beirut, east of the Great Mosque Al-Omari at the entrance of the souk Sursock, facing the south-east corner of the municipal palace.



Mosque of Emir Mounzer (An-Naoufara) - Downtown Beirut

Located in central Beirut in western al-Omari Mosque, opposite Bab Idriss and Souk Al-Tawile, it was built in 1620 (1056 AH) by the Emir Ibn Mounzer Suleiman Al-Tanoukhi the reign The Emir Fakherdin II. This mosque is also known as the Mosque An-Naoufara because of the fountain that was in his court. And as is the case in other mosques, a number of emirs and governors were buried in the mosque. Tomb of the Emir Mounzer, its founder, was murdered in the massacre of 1633, was north of the door before it was destroyed in 1860 (1277 AH). The Emir Haydar Al-Melhem Shihabi was buried there in 1762 (1175 AH), as well as his brother Mansour in 1775 (1188 AH). Now there is no trace of the graves, and the fountain which has completely disappeared.



Zaouiyah Al-Imam Al-Ouza'I - Downtown Beirut

Located at Souk Al-Tawile in central Beirut to Western Zaouiyah of Sheikh Ibn Arraq (whose ruins are rediscovered in 1991), the school is named after Imam Al-Ouza'i who lived Beirut and turned his home into a school of Islamic theology. In 1529 (935 AH), a fountain was built next to the school in memory of the Imam. But do not confuse this with Zaouiyah Al-Ouza'i mosque built in the suburbs of Hantous later known as the Ouza'i. It should be noted that Imam Al-Ouza'i died in his school in 774 (157 AH) in the last years of the reign of Caliph Abi Jaafar Al-Mansour and the inhabitants of Beirut had followed the procession carrying his mortal remains downtown to the southern suburbs, sandy and wooded area, known as the Hantous. The Zaouiyah held in the middle of Souk Al-Tawile until the outbreak of the Lebanese war in 1975 that turned it into ruins. A project is preparing to rebuild in the same location it occupied.



Al-Dabbaghah Mosque - Downtown Beirut

 (Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him) 

Also known as the Holy Mosque Al-Omari (Not to be confused with the great Al-Omari Mosque) because it was built during the reign of Caliph Omar Ibn Al-Khattab, as mentioned by the famous traveler Sheikh Abdul Ghani Al-Nabulsi. It was also called the Mosque of the sea because of its proximity to the coast. As its name Al-Dabbaghah (tannery), it is due to its proximity to the neighborhood with this name and reserved for tanning. This mosque is located on the east side of the port of Beirut is home to warehouses in his basement, and is accessed by a staircase because of its elevation. Its construction date back to 1294 (693 AH) or 1343 (743 AH) in other references. At the time of the French mandate, the municipality of Beirut was destroyed under the pretext of road widening. But it was rebuilt in 1932 and took the name of Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq Mosque. It was damaged during the Lebanese war (1975-1990), before it was restored and opened for prayer in 1999.



Mohammad Al-Amin Mosque - Downtown Beirut

Located in the center of the Place des Martyrs which is connected to the Riad El-Solh Square, it is distinguished by an Ottoman architectural style and Arabic. It contains a central void completely covered with a dome (with an area of 9778 m2 which includes the lower floors and mezzanines). It has three entrances on the sides, north and west. It is accessed through the outdoor seating next to the Place des Martyrs or the north side by an axial inlet in the direction of the Qubla, which also included the ablution facilities. The mosque has 4 minarets with a height of 65 m. The ceiling is high and about 16 m to 20 m in the central dome. It can accommodate up to 6250 worshipers and ground floor can accommodate up to 4200 people.

The mosque contains the grave of former Prime Minister Martyr Rafic Hariri (assassinated February 14, 2005).



Al-Majidiyyeh Mosque - Downtown Beirut

This mosque was originally one of the most important strongholds in Beirut. Built on the coast, it is an extension of Souk Al-Tawile side that overlooks the sea. His basement was used as a warehouse for marketers, including timber trade. Between 1257 and 1260 AH. Muslims in Beirut, lively zeal, had collected and added to the fortress a pavilion on the west side before converting it into a mosque, and in gratitude to the Sultan Abdul Majid (sultan between 1839 and 1861) which granted them support they gave to the mosque in 1844 (1260 AH) the name of Al-Majidiyyeh. Later, they built the inner courtyard and the ceiling and opened a door that gives access to the harbor road with a stone staircase.

A report in 1840 and during the siege of Beirut, the ships of the allied armies (Britain, Russia, Austria) in their war against the Egyptian army shelled the fortress that was not converted into a mosque in time. Traces of these bombings were still visible in the early twentieth century on the north facade. During the Lebanese war that had lasted from 1975 to 1990, the mosque was destroyed and rebuilt by the Directorate General of Islamic Pious Foundations (Endowments) who added near the old minaret another higher.



Ain Al Mrayssé Mosque

As indicated by the inscription above the entrance porch of the north facade, this mosque was built in the late nineteenth century, 1887-1888 (1305 AH), by Bayham and Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah Al-Habari, the land is a gift from Sheikh Muhammad Alaya, later appointed Mufti of the Lebanese Republic. Islamic religious foundations have restored the mosque and his court in 1951, and installed water pipes for ablution. An arched doorway was moved to the Mosque of Emir 'Assaf and placed in the wall. A report was also a fountain in the East corner of the courtyard overlooking the North Sea side.

In recent years, the mosque was renovated, while preserving its historic character, and finally the main entrance was moved to the north side of the sea, when the Coast Highway was drawn by the municipality of the city.



Mosque and Mausoleum of Imam Al-Ouza'I

The suburb Al-Ouza'i, formerly called Hantous is located 4km south of Beirut; its mosque was known by Hantous Mosque. The name change is due to the fact that Imam Abou Amrou Abdul Rahman Ibn Amr Al-Ouza'i who had lived in his Zawiya in Souk Al-Tawile in central Beirut and turned his home into a school of Islamic studies, was buried in 774 ( 157 AH) in a corner inside the Hantous Mosque.

The mosque built Ouza'i consists of two sections, the old one, and the new one added at the eastern side of the old one. The new mosque was built nearby in 1954 (1375 AH) under the name of El-Imam Al-Ouza'i. The General Directorate of the Islamic Waqfs has restored the old mosque and its historical minaret and made some improvements.



Al- Msaytbeh Mosque

Located in the district of Msaytbeh near the residence of President Saeb Salam, it was built in 1884 (1302 AH) during the reign of Sultan Abdul Hamid II. The governor of Syria Ahmed Hamdi Pasha had partly contributed to the building cost, in addition to the contributions collected from the people of Beirut. Some refurbishments and renovations were made in 1973 (1393 AH) and lasted until February 1975 (Safar 1395 AH). 



Ras Al-Naba' Mosque

This mosque was built by the deceased Omar el-Ghazawi in Beirut in 1299AH/1882AC. Some old people of Beirut reported that this building previously contained a fountain in the northern part of the outer courtyard. Many reparations and additions were done to this building during the year 1397AH/1977AC.



OTHER MOSQUES

Mosque Basta Tahta Basta Fawqa Mosque, Mosque Bourj Abi Haydar Al-Sidani in Ras Al-Naba 'Mosque' Alam Al-Sharq in Ashrafieh, Al-Birjaoui, Al-Hurj (Al-Halbouni and Houri), Mosque of Imam Ali Al-Tariq Jadide Mosque Al-Raml Zaydanieh Al-Qassar Mosque, Mosque 'Aisha Bakkar, Zouqaq Al-Blat, Mrayssé Mosque Al-Ain, Al-Hamra Mosque Al Ashrafieh-Hassanein Mosque Qraytem Mosque Makkaoui (Hamad Street) Mosque Shatila Shehab Mosque, Al-Daouq Al-Khalia Al-Saoudiah Khaled Ibn Al-Walid Mosque in Krantinah, Al-Khodr, Mosque Martyrs Al-Khashoukji, Al-Houri, Ammash Mosque, Gamal Abdel Nasser Mosque, Al-Dana Mosque Mosque. However it should be noted that the date of construction of some of the mosques above mentioned last is relatively recent, after the Ottoman era, whether it was in a few years. 



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