Mount Lebanon
North Lebanon
Explore / Suburbs of Tyre

It is at 12 kilometers away from Tyre. Some historians say that Jesus was invited to a wedding in Cana where he did his first miracle (John II, 1-11). At the entrance of the town, there is a hill that overlooks the valley. On one of the rocks, there are reliefs of thirteen persons. It is said that they are Jesus and his Apostles. There is a passage that leads to a cave where Christian believers used to hide.


It is at thirty kilometers from Tyre. The castle of Tibnine (Taroun) is on a mountain that is 870 meters high. It was built during the Crusade period in 1104 by Hughes de Saint Omer, the governor of Tabaraya to inform the Crusader governors in Palestine about the fore coming danger of the Fatimid invasion of Tyre. Saladin occupied this castle after the battle of Hitteen in 1187, then he gave it to his brother, King Adel, and it remained with al-ʾAyyūbiyyūn  until 1229.

When the leader of the sixth Crusade, the Germanic Emperor, Fredrick II, captured the castle, it remained under the Crusader rule until 1266, when the Mamluk Sultan Baybars occupied it. The castle was neglected until the 7th century. The Governor of Akka renovated it. The remains that are left today date back to the 17th century, in addition to some ruins that date back to the Crusade period.

The fortress contains nine towers and its architectural design is well preserved: the supporting wall and four towers that are square or semi-circular in shape; the main entrance; remains of a temple's vaults; at the eastern side remains of a large tower with halls and supporting pillars. Its western frontage overlooks all the surrounding area.

Hiram Sarcophagus

At the entrance of Hanawey, on the road between Tyre and Cana, there is a limestone sarcophagus. It is four meters high. It is one of the hugest sarcophagi in Lebanon. It stands on a foundation made of three huge stones. Under it, there is a hall carved in the rock. There is no clear evidence that it was for Hiram I, the king of Tyre, or whether it is for the architect, Hiram, who was a contemporary of the king, and who was asked to build the temple of Solomon. Some archeologists say that it dates back to the middle of the first century A.D.

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