It is the town of Gibran Khalil Gibran (1883 – 1931). It contains the house of his family, which is rural, traditional and humble, situated in the middle of the square of Mar Saba Church. Bsharreh is 1400 meters above sea level. It is distinguished for its traditional mountainous lifestyle and for its narrow streets and small shops. It is famous for the production of fruits especially apples, pears and cherries in addition to its being an attraction spot to tourists in both summer and winter.
During the Crusader period it was called "Buissera", and it was an important citadel for the county of Tripoli. During the Mamluk period, el Moqqaddameen in Bsharreh were appointed by the Maronite "Patriarch", and they enjoyed great power. "Moqqaddam" means the one who takes lead. "El Moqqaddameen" are Maronite leaders. They could be civilians or military people who held high positions in society. They used to help the Patriarch in administrating the financial affairs of the church and they participated on both social and civil levels in an independent government that the Maronite Church formed as a favour given to the church by the system that it was linked to.
Gibran was born in 1883. He immigrated to Boston in 1894 with his mother, brother Boutros and his sisters Miriana and Sultana. He was distinguished for his artistic talent at an early age. In Boston he met Mary Haskell, who believed in his creativity and supported him. In 1908, he wrote, "I hope that one day I will be able to make the world know that I became an artist by virtue of Mary Haskell'. Mary Haskell financed his studies in Paris. When he returned in 1911, he settled in New York and published the Mad Man, The Forerunner, el Mawakeb (The Processions) in addition to other books. He formed a literary league, al-Rabitah Al Qalamieh (the Pen Bond) with Lebanese and Syrian writers. In 1923, he published his masterpiece, the Prophet, which made him famous in the U.S.A. and worldwide. His paintings witnessed the same fame. He died at the age of 48 in New York on April 10th, 1931.
Museum of Gibran Khalil Gibran
At the southern entrance of Bsahrreh, inside the ancient Deir Mar Sarkis that is engraved in the rock, you find the museum of Gibran. Gibran used to visit this monastery as a child, and he wished to be buried there. The National Gibran Committee founded this museum in 1975 after counselling with the Louvre Museum in Paris and with the British Museum. It comprises 450 paintings, manuscripts, and personal belongings.
The Museum opens daily from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. (in summer) and from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., except Mondays (in winter). Telephone: 06-671137
At the right side of the museum, there is a very narrow and slanting road that leads to Saydet Lourdes Grotto. There is also a Phoenician graveyard that dates to 750 B.C.