Explore / Beirut's Chronology

600.000 - 10.000 BC

:

Paleolithic and Epipaleolithic periods

10.000 - 4500 BC

:

Neolithic period

4.500 - 3500 BC

:

Chalcolithic period

3500 BC

:

Beginning of the Canaanite period

14th century BC

:

Beirut appeared in history on the Tell al Amarna tablets under the name of Biruta.

1200 BC

:

Beginning of the Phoenician period.

332 BC

:

Beirut opens it gates to Alexander the great.

140 BC

:

The city was burned down during the Seleucid war between Antiochus VII and Tryphon, and remained in ruins for an entire century.

64 BC

:

The Romans led by Pompey conquered the Middle East.

312 AC

:

Power is passed on from Rome to Byzantium.

551 AC

:

Berytus was completely destroyed by a massive earthquake followed by a tidal wave.

560 AC

:

A fire finalizes the havoc that was wreaked on the city in 551.

635 AC

:

The city was conquered by the Islamic armies that put an end to the Byzantine era and introduced Islam.

1110

:

The Crusaders conquered the city.

1187

:

Beirut was conquered by Saladin, king of Damascus, after the battle of Hittin.

1197

:

Retaking of Beirut by the Crusaders.

1291

:

The city was besieged by the Mamluk armies.

1516-1919

:

The Ottoman domination period.

1920

:

Beirut became the capital of the great Lebanon under the French mandate.

1943

:

Proclamation of Lebanon's independence.

1975-1990

:

The Lebanese war ravaged downtown Beirut.

1993-2009

:

Reconstruction of downtown Beirut.

 

Username
Password
Forget Password ?